When we talk about shipping, we can say that it is a reliable means of shipping with high volume, with options designed to fit different sizes of goods. The many terms used in the process of moving goods through a supply chain may seem complicated, but understanding the different types of shipments and specific terms is essential to ensure that your goods are delivered on time, in accordance, and in good condition. Conditions. In the case of containerised maritime transport, when there is demand, it is done with the support of the shipping lines available for containers and ships, with weekly shipments to the desired destinations or ports of interest. We collaborate with the most well-known and large companies that own containerised shipping containers, thus having the possibility to monitor and act efficiently in time the entire transport operation.
Shipping can be:
FCL containerised shipping - full container load
Shipping in FCL mode means “fully loaded equipment” and is used in shipping.
The total loading of the container/equipment does not necessarily mean that the shipment fills an entire container, but rather the FCL shipping is a mode of shipment, whereby a single load or part of a consignment is included in a container, the unit of measure being 1 TEU.
There are several benefits to using the FCL mode of shipping. One of the advantages would be that it has a low risk of damage or loss because the container does not open to the destination, the goods are not handled excessively. For FCL (full container load) shipping, the containers, at import, are taken from different ports of the exporting countries to Romania or UK, and for export from the port of Constanta or UK to other destinations. The container is loaded to the indicated location or from our warehouses in Constanta for export. Upon import, the goods will be transported to the place meant after the transit or import customs operations.
The most common routes are the Far East (China, India, Pakistan, Taiwan, Korea, etc.), the Middle East (Israel, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Syria, etc.), the Mediterranean Basin (Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Algeria, etc.), Europe (Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, etc.), the Black Sea Basin (Bulgaria, Ukraine, Turkey, etc.), North America (USA, Canada, etc.), Central America ( Costa Rica, etc.), South America (Brazil, Argentina, etc.), Australia, New Zealand, Africa (Gambia, Nigeria), etc.
Container shipping involves cost-effectiveness, which is why shipping goods in a full container usually costs less than grouping (LCL) shipping of the same consignment.
Types of goods transported in sea containers:
LCL type container shipping (groupage) - less than container load
LCL shipping means “partially loaded equipment” and involves goods that take up less than the entire space of a full container and essentially interest grouping the various shipments together into a single container.
The price for LCL shipping depends on the volume and not necessarily on the weight of your cargo.
For LCL (less than container load) shipping, the goods will be taken from the collection depots to draw up the completed customs documents. They will be loaded into containers and other consignments to the final destinations. Depending on the destination, these goods can be transhipped (for example: for a shipment of goods departing from Romania to Costa Rica, it will first be loaded on the truck to Germany, and from there the goods will be transhipped in a container to San Jose, Costa Rica or, other goods are packed in Constanta in a container and leave for Singapore and from there are transhipped in a container destined for Japan).
Types of containers used in shipping
The main types of containers used are: 20’DV, 40’DV, 40’HC, 40’RF, 20’OT, 40’OT, 20’FR, 40’FR, 20’ISO tank, 40’ISO tank.
RO-RO maritime transport is carried out with specialised shipping vessels to transport motor vehicles, trailers, tracked vehicles, etc. Access to these ships is on special ramps. The method’s name reflects the way cars are loaded and unloaded. Although RO-RO shipping is considered more accessible and convenient, it is also riskier in vehicle safety. Hence, the main reasons for this are the loading/unloading stage during which accidents can occur and open exposure to climatic changes.
Shipping for oversized products
In general, oversized goods have a different definition depending on the mode of transport you use. For shipping, we can define that any piece that does not fit in a 40 ‘or 45’ container is considered oversized. The weight of the load, on the other hand, does not have strict parameters that specify whether a part is considered “heavy” or not. However, there are limits to how much weight a particular piece of equipment can carry when transporting goods by sea. Countries may also impose weight limits. Specialised equipment and ships are used that have become useful in moving oversized goods, namely Flat Rack shipping, which means using flat-bottomed equipment that has a flat surface without walls or roofs that allows the flexibility to move. And handle goods that have an expandable width or length beyond the conventional capabilities of Flat Rack equipment.
In bulk shipping – bulk cargo, specialised ships are used. An item can be classified as bulk cargo if it is not containerised and easily attached to a boat. Items such as oil, grain, ore, or coal are bulk goods.
Items can also be called bulk goods when the goods are packed but not containerised. This ship stores the goods directly in the warehouses in the ship’s hold and is called a bulk carrier. The load capacity can be between 20,000-180,000 tdw.